the main theme of the gita is this notion of “action-less action”. with buddhist and hindu philosophy, the schools associated with yoga are the vedanta on the hindu side and they have been in dialog for 1500 years in india and the religion and practices of the yoga are something that goes along with that, as yoga is a medium, a way of doing things. so if you have a notion of what you want to do in life, yoga is the way you go about that. spiritually if you want to know the nature of god, yoga will become a vehicle for that. but the practices of yoga can be for a different spiritual path. buddhist do not believe in a creator god, though devotion and faith are a big part of it. it is about generating compassion and realizing the true nature of reality and the self, where a misunderstanding about which gets us locked in this state called samsara.
vedanta is mostly used in a theistic context to proof the meaningfulness of the soul, being identical to the divine. buddhist school of thought argue there is no soul at all and the absent of that soul is liberating. my point is that they seem contradictory, though my experience of study and practicing yoga, they have been in this intimate dialog and the point to make is that they are all about the nature of the self and who you are.
in the upanishads, the origins of the vedanta philosophy, the path to liberation is recognizing the true nature of the self, is this permanent imperishable soul. i am god. not the me i think i am, but the me who is truly. buddhist tend to be, at some point, trying to identify this urge we have, this neurotic reflex to make ourselves more real than we really are. that egocentric orientation is the real problem to begin with.
in the gita as krishna speak to arjuna there are themes which are pure vedanta. the soul is not changing, so arjuna do not worry about killing or being killed as these are temporary bodies anyway. this is all brhaman, this one reality. at the same time there is another parallel trend seeing all as krishna, as vishnu – as strong devotional side to it.
at the center of this, as a yoga practice is this notion of going through life with somehow behaving in the world in a non egotistical way. action-less action. do your karma with no expectations of the fruites of your action by dedicating the fruits of your action to god, which will make it more doable as you relinquish all expectations. then it begs the question what is it you are suppose to do? the response is based on cast and social circumstances. the gita is really saying there is an ideal mode of operation in the world. maybe it’s hypothetical, but it is presented as you acting in this world selflessly.
the gita does not provide it from a single view point. it can be as a devotee of the divine or anyone else, this idea that in these modes of non self referantial you experience happiness, expansive happiness. and that is the exact same prescription for the spiritual path for the buddhist. the number thing to follow the buddihst dharma is to generate a sense of renunciation. not necessarily renouncing your stuff, but renouncing your attachment to it.
the gita has positioned itself as a straw man. arjuna refuses to fight the battle right? and krishna says “you cannot renounce” partly it is a backhanded way to dis the renunciation tradition. but in the end the gita is teaching real renunciation just like the buddhist and in it’s core, at root, the source of all human problems is ego centric oriented action. it is self preoccupation. that’s it. the ways of loosening self obsession is approached and understood in this basic way and that is true for yoga.
this is the thing to be asking about, it is the line of inquiry in our yoga practice. how can we tap into this sense of selfless action? first let’s ask what is action less action? meaning we are not self invested, not attached to the result. sounds impossible right? the gita will talk about it as the devotee doing this for the divine. as a person developing a devotional relationship to god, as the relationship must be relationship as you want to do things for the diety though it does not need anything and brings you down this path as it breaks down this rigid sense of self.
how does yoga fit in? how can it manifest on day to day basis with the breathing system and asana? it is not self evident. guruji presented it, being such an optimistic person, with the identification of the good feeling that comes with simply breathing. it will start loosening that sense of territoriality we have. having that experience of being alive without maintaining a sense of self image, so you start getting the picture that constantly re affirming your self image – you can survive better without it.
so it seems that ashtanga is showing you that you won’t collapse if you lose your self conception. some people are uncomfortable with the little amount of discomfort. i cannot afford to be a beginner. a beginner’s mind means that your limit has not been achieved. you may be the best soccer player in the world the first day you play – who knows? this is a zen buddhist idea and this beginner’s mind is valuable.
in the gitta, nishkarmya karama – action-less action, you cannot conceive yourself as someone doing things in this world to get better at it because it requires total effort and no expectations of getting any results from your effort.
in the gita its’ clear that bhakti is the way to achieve this. devotion. sharing the energy of the divine and approaching the deity. that is necessary for that relationship. with ashtanga yoga, wherever you start and whatever motivation you start your practice for, but when it starts to feel really good it is because it is loosening your sense of ego a little bit and you feel energized by that, as our egocentric way of thinking is like a vice around our heart for the most part. so the question is how do you keep it going? when it becomes more than a skill set? how do you connect it with a longer term project? this spiritual path is cultivating a self of renunciation the belief of real happiness and benefit you might get in life from this rigid sense of self. if your effort is selfishly oriented toward exclusively towards your own well being, it will increasingly become a problem for you.
all the yoga systems recognize that as well, except for maybe monks who are ready to ditch the main stream and live in a cave. for the rest of us this notion comes from active desire to be of service. it has to come from love. you may not even know why. the dali lama calls this enlightened self interest. embracing the needs of others. as much as you can. the gita supports that with an idea devotion to the lord, if you have that going on for you. in not you realize that in the process of doing that you will see the world in a different way. at certain point after a few years of doing yoga you will link it up to your daily life. this notion of seva – of service will be connected to your daily practice.
you cannot really know what it will be like to do sun salutations until you actually do it. until then you follow the motions. this is how it all fits into your life. take the energy you find in your practice and let it be a guide and motivation to serve. all the yoga traditions talk about generating power, stripped away from the spiritual path, it is about attaining and generating power. there is no goal indicated within the yoga technique. the 3rd chapter of the yoga sutras discuss magical feats yogis can attain.
as these powers come you will already be ready for them if you are orienting this practice of service out of love. the sutras, the gita, the buddha in his sutras say that if you want to achieve the goals of yoga, you might generate loving kindness compassion sympathetic joy and equanimity. this is an automatic way to make your life better and also “the” way to have yoga work in the rest of your life. it goes both ways. it is generating the power to help people and love them. this is bottom line the only way that you will take care of yourself. all other attempts will fail. the gita is repetitive about this. you do your action without it being up to you what the results of this action is. because there is no real self who gets the benefit of it anyway.
the yoga practice is about increasing power to conquer the inner enemies. all these afflictive emotional states we live with, battling with our ego, they are all predicated about a will to serve an ego, though happiness abundantly available to us by serving others.